[R] Rprintf will not build in my C++ compiler

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Wed Jul 30 18:11:07 CEST 2008

That is a linker (not compiler) message, and you apparently forgot to link 
against R.dll.  See README.packages in the R distribution for how to use 
VC++ with R under Windows (which is neither recommended nor supported).

Three other comments.

1) See the posting guide.  R-devel is the list for non-R programming 

2) See the posting guide.  You didn't show how you compiled your code nor 
what exact command gave that error message.

3) See 'Writing R Extensions'.  For that code to be any use with R, it has 
to have a C and not C++ entry point 'hello'.

On Wed, 30 Jul 2008, nmarti wrote:

> I have searched through the threads and "Rprintf" causing a build error
> dosen't seem to be a problem for anyone else.  And I've read through "R
> Extensions" and "An Introduction to the .C Interface to R" and there doesn't
> seem to be any troubleshooting for my problem.

Well, you _are_ using an unsupported compiler/linker.

> My code is straight from "An Introduction to the .C Interface to R" pg. 3.

Which is what?  (Not an official manual.)

> And my compiler is VC++ 2005 Express
> ----------------------
> #include <R.h>
> void hello( int *n ) {
>    int i ;
>    for( i = 0 ; i < *n ; i++ ) {
>        Rprintf( "Hello, world!\n" ) ;
>    }
> }
> ----------------------
> When I try to build this code, I recieve 2 error massages,
> "error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _Rprintf referenced in function
> "void _cdecl hello(int *n)" (?hello@@YAXPAH at Z)"
> "fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals"
> To be honest, I'm not exactly sure what these errors mean, I'm still
> learning C++.
> Any thoughts would be appreciated.
> -- 
> View this message in context: http://www.nabble.com/Rprintf-will-not-build-in-my-C%2B%2B-compiler-tp18735205p18735205.html
> Sent from the R help mailing list archive at Nabble.com.
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> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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