[R] System GMM yields identical results for any weighting matrix
Bert Gunter
bgunter@4567 @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Tue Apr 23 20:45:02 CEST 2024
Generally speaking, this sort of detailed statistical question about a
speccial package in R does not get a reply on this general R
programming help list. Instead, I suggest you either email the
maintainer (found by ?maintainer) or ask a question on a relevant R
task view, such as
https://cran.r-project.org/web/views/Econometrics.html . (or any other
that you judge to be more appropriate).
Cheers,
Bert
On Tue, Apr 23, 2024 at 9:41 AM Richard Hardy <brukalinis using gmail.com> wrote:
>
> A copy of this question can be found on Cross Validated:
> https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/645362
>
> I am estimating a system of seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR) in R.
> Each of the equations has one unique regressor and one common regressor. I
> am using `gmm::sysGmm` and am experimenting with different weighting
> matrices. I get the same results (point estimates, standard errors and
> anything else that I can see (**except** for the value of the $J$-test)
> regardless of the weighting matrix. I do not think this is correct.
> The phenomenon persists regardless of what type of covariance matrix
> estimator I use: `MDS`, `CondHom` or `HAC`.
> It also persists regardless of whether I use unrestricted estimation or
> restrict the coefficients on one of the variables (the common regressor) to
> be equal across equations.
>
> **Question:** Why does system GMM via `gmm::sysGmm` yield identical results
> for any weighting matrix? How can I make it yield proper results that vary
> with the weighting matrix (if that makes sense and I am not mistaken, of
> course)?
>
> ------------------------------ R code for a reproducible example
>
> library(gmm)
> library(systemfit)
>
> # Generate and prepare the data
> n <- 1000 # sample size
> m <- 100 # length of the "second part" of the sample
> N <- 3 # number of equations
> set.seed(321); x <- matrix(rnorm(n*N),ncol=N); colnames(x) <-
> paste0("x",1:N) # generate regressors
> dummy <- c( rep(0,n-m), rep(1,m) ) # generate a common regressor
> x <- cbind(x,dummy) # include the common regressor with the
> rest of the regressors
> set.seed(123); y <- matrix(rnorm(n*N),ncol=N); colnames(y) <-
> paste0("y",1:N) # a placeholder for dependent variables
> for(i in 1:N){
> y[,i] <- i + sqrt(i)*x[,i] - i*dummy + y[,i]*15*sqrt(i)
> # y[,i] is a linear function of x[,i] and dummy,
> # plus an error term with equation-specific variance
> }
> data1 <- as.data.frame(cbind(y,x)) # create a data frame of all data (y and
> x)
>
> # Create the model equations and moment conditions
> ES_g = ES_h <- list() # ES ~ equation system
> for(i in 1:N){
> ES_g[[i]] <- as.formula(assign(paste0("eq",i), value=paste0("y",i," ~
> x",i," + dummy"))) # define linear equations of SUR
> ES_h[[i]] <- as.formula(assign(paste0("eq",i), value=paste0( "~
> x",i," + dummy"))) # define the moment conditions for GMM
> }
>
> # Estimate a WLS-type weighting matrix to use as a user-specified weighting
> matrix in GMM
> m0 <- systemfit(formula=ES_g, method="OLS", data=data1)
> OLSmat <- diag(diag(m0$residCov)); Wmat <- solve(OLSmat)
>
> # Choose the type of covariance matrix in GMM
> vc1 <- "MDS"
> vc1 <- "CondHom"
> vc1 <- "HAC"
> #vc1 <- "TrueFixed"
>
> # Choose between restricted and unrestricted estimation
> cec1=NULL # unrestricted
> cec1=3 # restrict the coefficient on the dummy to be equal across
> equations
>
> # Estimate the model with `sysGmm` using different weighting matrices:
> identity, "optimal" and manually specified
> m1a <- sysGmm(g=ES_g, h=ES_h, wmatrix="ident" , weightsMatrix=NULL,
> vcov=vc1, crossEquConst=cec1, data=data1); summary(m1a)
> m1b <- sysGmm(g=ES_g, h=ES_h, wmatrix="optimal", weightsMatrix=NULL,
> vcov=vc1, crossEquConst=cec1, data=data1); summary(m1b)
> m1c <- sysGmm(g=ES_g, h=ES_h, weightsMatrix=Wmat,
> vcov=vc1, crossEquConst=cec1, data=data1); summary(m1c)
>
> ------------------------------ R session info:
>
> R version 4.3.3 (2024-02-29 ucrt)
> Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)
> Running under: Windows 10 x64 (build 19045)
>
> Matrix products: default
>
> locale:
> [1] LC_COLLATE=English_United States.utf8 LC_CTYPE=English_United
> States.utf8
> [3] LC_MONETARY=English_United States.utf8 LC_NUMERIC=C
>
> [5] LC_TIME=English_United States.utf8
>
> time zone: Europe/Berlin
> tzcode source: internal
>
> attached base packages:
> [1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base
>
> other attached packages:
> [1] systemfit_1.1-30 lmtest_0.9-40 zoo_1.8-12 car_3.1-2
> carData_3.0-5 Matrix_1.6-1
> [7] gmm_1.8 sandwich_3.0-2
>
> loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
> [1] MASS_7.3-60.0.1 compiler_4.3.3 tools_4.3.3 abind_1.4-5
> rstudioapi_0.15.0 grid_4.3.3
> [7] lattice_0.22-5
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Kind regards,
> Richard
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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