[R] problem for strsplit function

Rolf Turner r@turner @end|ng |rom @uck|@nd@@c@nz
Thu Jul 8 04:58:42 CEST 2021

On Thu, 8 Jul 2021 01:27:48 +0000 (UTC)
Kai Yang via R-help <r-help using r-project.org> wrote:

> Hello List,
> I have a  one column data frame to store file name with extension. I
> want to create new column to keep file name only without extension. I
> tried to use strsplit("name1.csv", "\\.")[[1]] to do that, but it
> just retain the first row only and it is a vector.  how can do this
> for all of rows and put it into a new column? thank you, Kai

Your example is confusing/garbled.  You are applying strsplit() to a
single character string namely "name1.csv".  Your intent presumably is
to apply it to a *vector* (say "v") of file names.

A syntax which would work is



    v <- c("clyde.txt","irving.tex","melvin.pdf","fred.csv")

which gives the output

> [1] "clyde"  "irving" "melvin" "fred"

Note that the output of strplit() is a *list* the i-th entry of which
is a vector consisting of the "split" of the i-th entry of the vector
to which strsplit() is applied.  In your example (corrected, so that it
makes sense, by replacing the string "names.csv" by my vector "v") you

    [1] "clyde" "txt" 

the result of splitting "clyde.txt"; you want the first entry of this
result, i.e. "clyde".

My "sapply()" construction produces the first entry of each entry of the
list produced by strsplit().

It is useful to get your thoughts clear, understand what you are doing
and understand what the functions that you are using do.  (Read the


Rolf Turner

Honorary Research Fellow
Department of Statistics
University of Auckland
Phone: +64-9-373-7599 ext. 88276

More information about the R-help mailing list