[R] Plotting the ASCII character set.

Rolf Turner r@turner @end|ng |rom @uck|@nd@@c@nz
Sun Jul 4 03:59:49 CEST 2021

On Sat, 3 Jul 2021 09:40:28 +0200
Ivan Krylov <krylov.r00t using gmail.com> wrote:

> Hello Rolf Turner,
> On Sat, 3 Jul 2021 14:02:59 +1200
> Rolf Turner <r.turner using auckland.ac.nz> wrote:
> > Can anyone suggest how I might get my plot_ascii() function working
> > again?  Basically, it seems to me, the question is:  how do I
> > persuade R to read in "\260" as "\ub0" rather than "\xb0"?
> Part of the problem is that the "\xb0" byte is not in ASCII, which
> covers only the lower half of possible 8-bit bytes. I guess that the
> strings containing bytes with highest bit set used to be interpreted
> as Latin-1 on your machine, but now get interpreted as UTF-8, which
> changes their meaning (in UTF-8, the highest bit being set indicates
> that there will be more bytes to follow, making the string invalid if
> there is none).
> The good news is, since it's Latin-1, which is natively supported by
> R, there are even multiple options:
> 1. Mark the string as Latin-1 by setting Encoding(a) <- 'latin1' and
> let R do the re-encoding if and when Pango asks it for a UTF-8-encoded
> string.
> 2. Decode Latin-1 into the locale encoding by using iconv(a, 'latin1',
> '') (or set the third parameter to 'UTF-8', which would give almost
> the same result on a machine with a UTF-8 locale). The result is,
> again, a string where Encoding(a) matches the truth. Explicitly
> setting UTF-8 may be preferable on Windows machines running pre-UCRT
> builds of R where the locale encoding may not contain all Latin-1
> characters, but that's not a problem for you, as far as I know.
> For any encoding other than Latin-1 or UTF-8, option (2) is still
> valid.
> I have verified that your example works on my GNU/Linux system with a
> UTF-8 locale if I use either option.

Thanks Ivan. That solves most of the problem, but there are still
glitches. I get a plot OK, but a substantial number of the characters
are displayed as a wee rectangle containing a 2 x 2 array of digits
such as

>   0 0
>   8 0

Also note that there is a bit of difference between the results of using
Encoding() and the results of using iconv(). E.g. if I do

a <- "\x80"
b <- iconv(a,"latin1","UTF-8")
Encoding(a) <- "latin1"

then when I type "a" I get the Euro symbol "€", but when I type "b"
I get the string "\u0080".

But that doesn't really matter.  More problematic is the fact that if I
do either



then I get wee rectangle with 0 0 8 0 arranged in a 2 x 2 array inside.
(Setting cex=6 makes it easier for my ageing eyes to see what the
digits are.)

Is there any way that I can get the Euro symbol to display correctly in
such a graphic?




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Department of Statistics
University of Auckland
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