[R] How can I create a loop for this? Please help me

MacQueen, Don m@cqueen1 @end|ng |rom ||n|@gov
Fri Oct 5 20:34:18 CEST 2018

Bert (in his separate email) is right about learning the basics, and using R-sig-geo. You're kind of jumping right into the deep end! None the less, here's an example that should help.

For one thing, you're being more complicated than necessary. SpatialPointsDataFrame objects can, much of the time, be treated just like regular data frames. You don't need to extract the @data slot and operate on it.

## example with simple fake data
## for the example, I've decided on groups of three columns
## and 5 rows


## first, the coordinates and the single column that will be included every time.
sdf <- data.frame(long=runif(5, -121, -120),
                  lat=runif(5, 33, 34),

## construct a set of data with 9 columns (3 sets of 3)
tmp <- matrix( round(runif(45, 10,20)), nrow=5)
colnames(tmp) <- paste0('v',1:9)
sdf <- cbind(sdf, tmp)

## make it into a SpatialPointsDataFrame
coordinates(sdf) <- c('long','lat')

## manually:
##   split into three separate SpatialPointsDataFrames, each with three data columns
s1 <- sdf[,c(1,2:4)]
s2 <- sdf[,c(1,5:7)]
s3 <- sdf[,c(1,8:10)]

## to use a loop, have to calculate which columns are needed each time through the loop
## (showing intermediate steps in more detail than truly necessary)

for (ic in 1:3) {

  ## calculate the column numbers
  col1 <- ic*3-1
  coln <- col1+2
  cat('iteration',ic,' selecting columns 1 and',col1,'through',coln,'\n')
  sic <- sdf[, c(1, col1:coln)]

  ## calculate the name of the new SpatialPointsDataFrame
  nmi <- paste0('sd',ic)
  cat('      assigning to ',nmi,'\n')

  ## write the current columns to .GlobalEnv
  assign( nmi, sic)


## now compare s1 with sd1, s2 with sd2, etc.
## they should be the same

## using assign() in this way is often recommended against. An alternative, which might be better depending on what you need to do with them, would be to save them as elements of a list object.

Don MacQueen
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
7000 East Ave., L-627
Livermore, CA 94550
Lab cell 925-724-7509

On 10/5/18, 7:30 AM, "R-help on behalf of Ivy Pieters" <r-help-bounces using r-project.org on behalf of icwpieters using gmail.com> wrote:

    Hey there,
    I am very much a newbie in the R world. I have to work with R for my internship. I really hope that someone can help me out here, since it costs me ages to run and adjust the same script over and over again. 
    I have a SpatialPointsDataFrame table (sent2field2 using data) that I would like to split into different SpatialPointsDataFrame tables. The first table needs to consist out of [1:13] columns, the second table needs to consist of [,c(1,14:25)] the third needs to consist of [,c(1,26:37)]. The name of the tables need to be Sent2Field2_1, Sent2Field2_2, Sent2Field2_3, etc etc… So only 1,2,3,4 etc need to change within the name. This loop needs to go on until there are no columns left anymore in the dataset. Then the next step needs to add coordinates to the table (see script below). The name of the tables need to be Sent2F2_1, Sent2F2_2, Sent2F2_3, etc etc… So only 1,2,3,4 etc need to change within the name. The last step projects the table with the added coordinates into a SpatialPointsDataFrame. See the script below: (up to now I am adjusting the names manually and running it time after time, i am getting crazy, but I really don’t know how to make a loop) For now the separate steps are working fine. I really hope someone can help me out. Looking forward to anyones reply. Thank you already in advance. 
    Sent2Field2_1<-Sent2Field2 using data[,1:13]
    coordinates(Sent2F2_1) <- ~long+lat
    Sent2Field2_2<-Sent2Field2 using data[,c(1,14:25)]
    coordinates(Sent2F2_2) <- ~long+lat
    Sent2Field2_3<-Sent2Field2 using data[,c(1,26:37)]
    coordinates(Sent2F2_3) <- ~long+lat
    Sent2Field2_4<-Sent2Field2 using data[,c(1,38:49)]
    coordinates(Sent2F2_4) <- ~long+lat
    Sent2Field2_5<-Sent2Field2 using data[,c(1,50:61)]
    coordinates(Sent2F2_5) <- ~long+lat
    	[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
    R-help using r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
    PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
    and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

More information about the R-help mailing list