[R] QQ plot

Rolf Turner rolf.turner at xtra.co.nz
Fri Feb 17 10:31:51 CET 2012

On 17/02/12 21:32, nandan amar wrote:
> Hello,
> I am having two data set original and predicted.
> I want to dind QQ-plot fot it.
> I tried in following manner :
>> qq(original~predicted)
> and error was :
> Error in qq.formula(o ~ p) : y must have exactly 2 levels
> There is an option "qtype" which dosent make any difference.
> What is the correct way for plotting QQ-plot or am I missing something.

To start with, you are missing telling us that the function qq() is
from the *lattice* package.

Secondly you are missing reading the error message.  What
does it *say*?  Think about it.

It says that (rather strangely, it seems to me) that the left hand
side of the formula must be a factor with two levels.  Obviously
then you must combine your observations into a single vector
and create a factor indicating to which of the two samples each
entry of that vector belongs.  Something like:

     y <- c(original,predicted)
     f <- factor(rep(c("o","p"),c(length(original),length(predicted))))
     print(qq(f ~ y))

Alternatively you could save hassle and use base graphics:



         Rolf Turner

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