[R] relation in aggregated data
Joris Meys
jorismeys at gmail.com
Thu Jul 8 10:44:12 CEST 2010
Depending on the data and the research question, a meta-analytic
approach might be appropriate. You can see every campaign as a
"study". See the package metafor for example. You can only draw very
general conclusions, but at least your inference will be closer to
correct.
Cheers
Joris
On Thu, Jul 8, 2010 at 10:03 AM, Petr PIKAL <petr.pikal at precheza.cz> wrote:
> Thank you
>
> Actually when I do this myself I always try to make day or week averages
> if possible. However this was done by one of my colleagues and basically
> the aggregation was done on basis of campaigns. There is 4 to 6 campaigns
> per year and sometimes there is apparent relationship in aggregated data
> sometimes is not. My opinion is that I can not say much about exact
> relations until I have other clues or ways like expected underlaying laws
> of physics.
>
> Thanks again
>
> Best regards
> Petr
>
>
>
> Joris Meys <jorismeys at gmail.com> napsal dne 07.07.2010 17:33:55:
>
>> You examples are pretty extreme... Combining 120 data points in 4
>> points is off course never going to give a result. Try :
>>
>> fac <- rep(1:8,each=15)
>> xprum <- tapply(x, fac, mean)
>> yprum <- tapply(y, fac, mean)
>> plot(xprum, yprum)
>>
>> Relation is not obvious, but visible.
>>
>> Yes, you lose information. Yes, your hypothesis changes. But in the
>> case you describe, averaging the x-values for every day (so you get an
>> average linked to 1 y value) seems like a possibility, given you take
>> that into account when formulating the hypothesis. Optimally, you
>> should take the standard error on the average into account for the
>> analysis, but this is complicated, often not done and in most cases
>> ignoring this issue is not influencing the results to that extent it
>> becomes important.
>>
>> YMMV
>>
>> Cheers
>>
>> On Wed, Jul 7, 2010 at 4:24 PM, Petr PIKAL <petr.pikal at precheza.cz>
> wrote:
>> > Dear all
>> >
>> > My question is more on statistics than on R, however it can be
>> > demonstrated by R. It is about pros and cons trying to find a
> relationship
>> > by aggregated data. I can have two variables which can be related and
> I
>> > measure them regularly during some time (let say a year) but I can not
>> > measure them in a same time - (e.g. I can not measure x and respective
>> > value of y, usually I have 3 or more values of x and only one value of
> y
>> > per day).
>> >
>> > I can make a aggregated values (let say quarterly). My questions are:
>> >
>> > 1. Is such approach sound? Can I use it?
>> > 2. What could be the problems
>> > 3. Is there any other method to inspect variables which can be
>> > related but you can not directly measure them in a same time?
>> >
>> > My opinion is, that it is not much sound to inspect aggregated values
> and
>> > there can be many traps especially if there are only few aggregated
>> > values. Below you can see my examples.
>> >
>> > If you have some opinion on this issue, please let me know.
>> >
>> > Best regards
>> > Petr
>> >
>> > Let us have a relation x/y
>> >
>> > set.seed(555)
>> > x <- rnorm(120)
>> > y <- 5*x+3+rnorm(120)
>> > plot(x, y)
>> >
>> > As you can see there is clear relation which can be seen from plot.
> Now I
>> > make a factor for aggregation.
>> >
>> > fac <- rep(1:4,each=30)
>> >
>> > xprum <- tapply(x, fac, mean)
>> > yprum <- tapply(y, fac, mean)
>> > plot(xprum, yprum)
>> >
>> > Relationship is completely gone. Now let us make other fake data
>> >
>> > xn <- runif(120)*rep(1:4, each=30)
>> > yn <- runif(120)*rep(1:4, each=30)
>> > plot(xn,yn)
>> >
>> > There is no visible relation, xn and yn are independent but related to
>> > aggregation factor.
>> >
>> > xprumn <- tapply(xn, fac, mean)
>> > yprumn <- tapply(yn, fac, mean)
>> > plot(xprumn, yprumn)
>> >
>> > Here you can see perfect relation which is only due to aggregation
> factor.
>> >
>> > ______________________________________________
>> > R-help at r-project.org mailing list
>> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>> > PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>> > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>> >
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Joris Meys
>> Statistical consultant
>>
>> Ghent University
>> Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
>> Department of Applied mathematics, biometrics and process control
>>
>> tel : +32 9 264 59 87
>> Joris.Meys at Ugent.be
>> -------------------------------
>> Disclaimer : http://helpdesk.ugent.be/e-maildisclaimer.php
>
>
--
Joris Meys
Statistical consultant
Ghent University
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
Department of Applied mathematics, biometrics and process control
tel : +32 9 264 59 87
Joris.Meys at Ugent.be
-------------------------------
Disclaimer : http://helpdesk.ugent.be/e-maildisclaimer.php
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