[R] Outer, kronecker, etc.

Stavros Macrakis macrakis at alum.mit.edu
Wed Nov 12 18:51:26 CET 2008

`outer` (and related functions like kronecker) require that their
functional argument operate elementwise on arrays.  This means for
example that

     outer( 1:2, 3:4, list)



gives an error.

Is there a version of `outer`/`kronecker`/etc. that takes arbitrary
functions and does its own elementwise mapping?  In the first example
above, I'd expect the result to be the same as

    mm <- matrix(list(list(1,3),list(1,4),list(2,3),list(2,4)),2,2)

which prints as

     [,1]   [,2]
[1,] List,2 List,2
[2,] List,2 List,2

By the way: how can I get this not to abbeviate the entries but
instead give me something like:

     [,1]       [,2]
[1,] list(1, 3) list(2, 3)
[2,] list(1, 4) list(2, 4)

The closest I can get is matrix(as.character(mm),2,2)

By-the-way^2: is there some Xapply function that maps a function over
all the elements of a structure (vector, matrix, list, ...) and
preserves the original structure?  For example, I'd want
Xapply(matrix(1:4^2,2,2),sqrt) == sqrt(matrix(1:4^2,2,2)).  In this
case, I'd use Xapply(as.character,mm), because as.character returns a



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