[R] Stuck in R installation, help~~

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Thu May 18 08:33:13 CEST 2006

This is covered in the R-admin manual:

   Note that the BLAS library will be used for several add-on packages as
   well as for @R{} itself.  This means that it is better to use a
   shared/dynamic BLAS library, as most of a static library will be
   compiled into the @R{} executable and each BLAS-using package.  In any
   case, the BLAS library must be usable with dynamically-loadable code:
   this can be a problem with ATLAS on some platforms (including
   @cputype{x86_64}) as it is not by default built with
   position-independent code.

and the message was quite explicit that the problem was in -lf77blas, 
which is part of ATLAS.  If you are not able to correct the problem with 
your ATLAS build, try configuring with --without-blas.

The INSTALL file points you to the R-admin manual, and since it contains 
the answers to your first two sticky points the chances are good it will 
help you with any further ones.

On Wed, 17 May 2006, Selina wrote:

> Hi all,
> I'm stuck in the installation of R.
> When I run configure, I got the error:
> configure: error: --with-readline=yes (default) and headers/libs are
> not available
> I followed one answer in some post and use this:

That is also explicitly in the R-admin manual.

> ./configure --with-prefix=/home/user/R-2.2.1 --with-readline=no
> It successfully configured but I encountered another problem while make:
> gcc -shared -L/usr/local/lib64  -o libRlapack.so dlamc.lo dlapack0.lo
> dlapack1.lo dlapack2.lo dlapack3.lo cmplx.lo  -lf77blas -latlas -lg2c
> -lm -lgcc_s
> /usr/bin/ld:
> /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/3.4.4/../../../../lib64/libf77blas.a(xerbla.o):
> relocation R_X86_64_32 against `a local symbol' can not be used when
> making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC
> /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/3.4.4/../../../../lib64/libf77blas.a:
> could not read symbols: Bad value
> collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
> make[4]: *** [libRlapack.so] Error 1
> make[4]: Leaving directory `/home/user/R-2.2.1/src/modules/lapack'
> make[3]: *** [R] Error 2
> make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/user/R-2.2.1/src/modules/lapack'
> make[2]: *** [R] Error 1
> make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/user/R-2.2.1/src/modules'
> make[1]: *** [R] Error 1
> make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/user/R-2.2.1/src'
> make: *** [R] Error 1
> I just have no clue. I've been trying to fix this for a really long
> time. Any help or suggestion is highly appreciated!
> Thanks
> Selina

Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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