[R] Standard Deviation Distribution
Erich Neuwirth
erich.neuwirth at univie.ac.at
Sun Jun 18 13:30:08 CEST 2006
davidr at rhotrading.com wrote:
> > sddist
>>> > >>
> > function(s,n) {
> > sig2 <- n*s*s/(n-1)
> > 2*(n/(2*sig2))^((n-1)/2) / gamma((n-1)/2) * exp(-n*s*s/(2*sig2)) *
s^(n-2)
> > }
There is another way using more statistical knowledge:
Building on functions already available in R
one may note that the easiest way of defining
sddist is
sddist<-function(s,n) dchisq(n*s^2,n-1)*2*n*s
Plotting this function for n in seq(2,12,2)
reproduces the graph in Mathworld.
The idea is the following:
given a random variable x with a chisquare distribution with
df n-1, s can be defined by s=sqrt(x/n) and therefore
x=n*s^2
If F and G are the cumulative distribution functions of x and s
and f and g are the density functions of x and s, then we have
G(s)=F(n*s^2) and therefore
g(s)=f(n*s^2)*2*n*s
--
Erich Neuwirth, University of Vienna
Faculty of Computer Science
Computer Supported Didactics Working Group
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