[R] How to use lmer function and multicomp package?
Giovanni Bacaro
bacaro at unisi.it
Sun Jun 4 11:39:12 CEST 2006
Dear list members,
First of all thank you for your helpful advices.
After your answeres to my firt mail I studied a lot (R-News n°5) and I
tried to perform my analysis:
First, to fit a GLM with a nested design I decided to use the function
"lmer" in package "lme4"
as suggested by Spencer Graves and Filippo Piro.
I remember to you that my data were:
land use classes, 3 levels (fixed factor) = cla (R variable)
plot number, 98 levels each with 4 replicates (random factor within "cla")
= plotti (R variable)
number of species, totally 392 counts, response variable = sp (R variable)
Now, I started my analysis as follow (after the creation of the data.frame
"bacaro"):
mod1<-lmer(sp~cla+(1|cla:plotti), data=bacaro, family=poisson(link=log))
> summary(mod1) #sunto del modello
Generalized linear mixed model fit using PQL
Formula: sp ~ cla + (1 | cla:plotti)
Data: bacaro
Family: poisson(log link)
AIC BIC logLik deviance
451.2908 467.1759 -221.6454 443.2908
Random effects:
Groups Name Variance Std.Dev.
cla:plotti (Intercept) 0.60496 0.77779
number of obs: 392, groups: cla:plotti, 98
Estimated scale (compare to 1) 0.6709309
Fixed effects:
Estimate Std. Error z value Pr(>|z|)
(Intercept) 2.06406 0.14606 14.1316 < 2.2e-16 ***
cla2 -0.59173 0.17695 -3.3440 0.0008257 ***
cla3 -0.74230 0.83244 -0.8917 0.3725454
---
Signif. codes: 0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1
Correlation of Fixed Effects:
(Intr) cla2
cla2 -0.825
cla3 -0.175 0.145
> anova(mod1,test="Chsqr")
Analysis of Variance Table
Df Sum Sq Mean Sq
cla 2 11.352 5.676
Now, my questions are:
1) is the mod1 well specified? Have I said to R that "plotti" is my random
factor and that "plotti" is nested inside "cla" ("cla" as grouping
factor)? (can be "lmer(sp~cla+(plotti|cla:plotti), data=bacaro,
family=poisson(link=log)" an alternative solution?)
2) Why if I try "lmer(sp~cla+(1|cla:plotti),..." or
"lmer(sp~cla+(1|plotti:cla),...." I obtain the same results?
3) why the anova summary don't say if differences in classes are
significance (or not significance)?
4) I'd like to perform a post-hoc test with the package "multicomp" but
the lmer function give me a lmer object (and this kind of object is not
read by the "multicomp" package). How could I perform my analysis in a
different way?
Thank you a lot for your help!
Giovanni
>I'd like to perform a glm analysis with a hierarchically nested design.
In particular,
>I have one fixed factor ("Land Use Classes") with three levels and a
random factor ("quadrat") nested within Land Use Classes with different
levels per classes (class artificial = 1 quadrat; class crops = 67
quadrats; and class seminatural = 30 quadrats).
>I have four replicates per each quadrats (response variable = species
richness per plot)
>Here some question about:
>1) could I analize these data using the class "artificial" (i.e. I have
only 1 level)?
>2) using R I'd like perfor a glm analysis considering my response
variable (count of species) with a Poisson distribution. How can I
develop my model considering the nested nature of my design? I'm sorry
but I don't know the right package to use.
>3) for the Anova analysis I'd like use a post-hoc comparison between
pairwise classes. What is the right procedure to do this? Is this
analysis performed in R?
--
Dr. Giovanni Bacaro
Università degli Studi di Siena
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali "G. Sarfatti"
Via P.A. Mattioli 4 53100 Siena
tel. 0577 235408
email: bacaro a unisi.it
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