SV: [R] compilation failed for package geir.systad at
Tue Sep 21 11:04:49 CEST 2004

Thanks to Roger Bivand, my problem was solved. binutils 2.14 was updatet to binutils 2.15, as indicated under.

Geir Helge Systad
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Arctic Ecology, Polarmiljøsenteret, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
Adress aug-04 to feb-05:
Albert Pettersonsvei 13, N-5750 Odda
fax      +47 85 03 82 14
phone    +47 53 64 24 94
mobil    +47 91 63 70 55
E-mail: geir.systad at Internett:

-----Opprinnelig melding-----
Fra:	Roger Bivand [mailto:Roger.Bivand at]
Sendt:	ti 21.09.2004 10:20
Til:	Systad, Geir
Kopi:	r-help at
Emne:	Re: [R] compilation failed for package
On Mon, 20 Sep 2004 geir.systad at wrote:

> Hello, I am new to R on Linux (and to LINUX), running a 1.9.1 on a Linux
> MDK10.0. When updating or installing different packages, I get messages
> like this (under), the package doesn't install. Can anyone help me? I
> know this is all to little information, but I don't know were to start.
> I think there is something wrong in how or were the C++ or fortran
> compilator is installed?? Thanks, Geir S.

After some offline exchanges, the problem has been resolved. This Mandrake
10.0 installation had R installed from binary, had gcc 3.4.1, but (most
likely) binutils 2.14 that did not recognise the new --as-needed flag. For
this reason, update.packages() - this was the survival case mentioned in
the post - and install.packages() failed on compilation. The fact that
such a build system is broken is demonstrated by:

$ cat << EOF > hello.c
#include <stdio.h>
int main(void)
  printf("Hello World!\n");
$ gcc -o hello hello.c
/usr/bin/ld: unrecognized option '--as-needed'
/usr/bin/ld: use the --help option for usage information
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

Resolution by updating binutils or installing older gcc-* RPMs instead of 

> gcc -shared -L/usr/local/lib -o agexact.o agfit2.o agfit3.o agfit5.o agfit_null.o agmart2.o agmart.o agscore.o agsurv1.o agsurv2.o agsurv3.o char_date.o chinv2.o chinv3.o cholesky2.o cholesky3.o chsolve2.o chsolve3.o coxdetail.o coxfit2.o coxfit5.o coxmart.o coxph_wtest.o cox_Rcallback.o coxscho.o coxscore.o dmatrix.o doloop.o pyears1.o pyears2.o pyears3.o pystep.o surv_callback.o survdiff2.o survfit2.o survfit3.o survindex2.o survindex3.o survreg2.o survreg3.o survreg4.o survreg5.o
> /usr/bin/ld: unrecognized option '--as-needed'
> /usr/bin/ld: use the --help option for usage information
> collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
> make: *** [] Error 1
> ERROR: compilation failed for package 'survival'
> ** Removing '/usr/lib/R/library/survival'
> ** Restoring previous '/usr/lib/R/library/survival'
> ______________________________________________
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> PLEASE do read the posting guide!

Roger Bivand
Economic Geography Section, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of
Economics and Business Administration, Breiviksveien 40, N-5045 Bergen,
Norway. voice: +47 55 95 93 55; fax +47 55 95 93 93
e-mail: Roger.Bivand at

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