[R] Building package on Windows: No rule to make target '-llapack'

Zhu Wang zhuw at mail.smu.edu
Thu Jun 10 12:06:54 CEST 2004

On Thu, 2004-06-10 at 06:40, Prof Brian Ripley wrote:
> On Wed, 9 Jun 2004, Zhu Wang wrote:
> > I have a problem to build a package on Windows XP while there is no
> > problem on Linux. The Makefile is something like:
> There would be a problem on Linux, if that Makefile were used.  I suspect
> it is not used.

Believe or not, it works.

> > ###########
> > LIBNAME=cts
> > 
> (You should not need $(FLIBS) here.)
> > OBJS=file1.o ... file20.o -llapack -lblas
> The last two are not objects, and -llapack refers to something like 
> liblapack.a.  I don't see how this can work anywhere.  On the other hand, 
> you have lapack and blas selected in PKG_LIBS, but you are not using that 
> macro.

I did this because I did not find good examples about how to link Lapack
and Blas using R. So I tried this and it works.

> >         $(SHLIB_LD) $(SHLIB_LDFLAGS) -o $@ $(OBJS) $(FLIBS)
> > 
> > clean:
> >         @rm -f *.o *.$(SHLIB_EXT)
> > 
> > realclean: clean
> > #############
> > 
> > To build the package on Windows XP, I have followed the instructions to
> > install tools/software required and it seems the 'make' worked fine,
> > except for the error message:
> > 
> > make[3]: No rule to make target 'llapack', needed by 'cts.a'. stop.
> > 
> > Now I think maybe two problems: one is that maybe I do not have Lapack and Blas installed
> > on Windows XP and second is that I do not set up a correct file, something like 'configure'.
> > Maybe there are more problems. I have read some files in \src\gnuwin32, but I did not find
> > what I needed.
> What are you actually trying to do?  It is not normal for a package to
> have a Makefile in its src directory, which is what I guess (but only
> guess) you have presented.  All that is normally needed is a Makevars
> file.  Take a look at e.g. that in mclust.

I did find an R package which uses Makefile in its src directory, and I
just happened to be familiar with. But it was on the author's website
and not on CRAN. Maybe that's a bad example. I will take a look at that
in mclust.

> Is this your package or someone else's (in which case why are you not
> asking the author)?  Either you or that author needs to read `Writing R 
> Extensions' and look at some of the many examples in CRAN packages.

This is mine. I agree with you. Certainly there are more stuff I need to
know about 'Writing R Extensions'. The package is on my website, see
below. Using the following:

#R CMD check cts

I have successfully installed the package. Thanks for your advice. On
the other hand, it might be a successful story how R is robust!

Zhu Wang

Statistical Science Department
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, TX 75275-0332
Phone:(214)768-2453  Fax:(214)768-4035
zhuw at mail.smu.edu

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