[R] Packaging

Kurt Hornik Kurt.Hornik at ci.tuwien.ac.at
Mon Feb 12 13:31:00 CET 2001

>>>>> Jim Lemon writes:

> I'm in the process of porting a set of routines from S to R (the
> 'asypow' package) and have struck one or two problems that I've been
> unable to clear up with the documentation I have.  I may simply need a
> pointer to the right docs.  I managed to get the code to run with
> minimal changes, but in order to get it to load using library(), had to
> run it through:

> R CMD build  ...

> and then


> This allowed the R code to be read - previously I was getting the
> "library contains no R code" error message when loading with library()
> even though I had set up things as described in "R-exts"..  However, the
> shared library was not loading.  I found that the build/INSTALL sequence
> had done two things:

> 1) concatenated all of the R code into one file, which is okay, but
> kind of messy for anyone to edit.

Why would you want to edit that?  Think of the installed version as
``object code'', the thing to edit would be the *sources*, i.e. the
files in PKGDIR/R.

> 2) compiled the FORTRAN source, but renamed the library so that it was
> no longer recognized.  When I manually used dyn.load() to load the
> library that I had previously compiled, everything seemed to work.

> I've gone through what I think are the relevant parts of "R-exts" and
> couldn't find a help page for the "build" command to sort out the
> compiled library problem.  Any hints?  (Then I can try to write the man
> pages - joy! )

I assume that somewhere in your R/S code you have a call to dyn.load or
library.dynam to load the shlib, and that code uses a name different
from the PKGNAME.$ext (where $ext is platform-specific) obtained by the
compilation?  The simplest solution is to put the following into a file
conventionally called zzz.R:

   .First.lib <- function(lib, pkg) library.dynam(PKGNAME, pkg, lib)

where PKGNAME is a character string naming your package.

`Writing R extensions' contains in section `Package subdirectories'

	If necessary, one of these files (historically `zzz.R') should
	use `library.dynam()' _inside_ `.First.lib()' to load compiled

Maybe this should be improved?

Hope this helps,
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